Skills - Vocabulary

Brief Explanation

  • Vocabulary involves intentionally choosing specific words to deliver a message in the most effective manner and to express ideas to an intended audience.
  • Vocabulary specific to a discipline or content area should be explicitly taught and used in context so it is naturally used when writing

    Clearly Identified Key Outcomes

    Use your programs of study for curriculum outcomes related to print awareness. Please refer to the CESD’s Essential Outcomes work.
    Here is a 
    K-9 Scope & Sequence of Reading Outcomes from the English Language Arts curriculum.

    Purposeful Instructional Strategies

    • Exposure to rich language, poetry, subject/content-specific vocabulary
    • Explicitly teaching and frequently reviewing new vocabulary
    • Participate in vocabulary-building activities such as vocabulary ladders.
    • Explicitly teaching how to use  root words, prefixes and suffixes to determine meaning
    • Use of mentor texts
    • Use venn diagrams to compare similarities and differences between words
    • Brainstorming words
    • Universal use of word walls, personal and online dictionaries, thesaurus, etc.
    • Teach students to gather words from texts they are reading to be used in their future writing
    • Use graphic organizers to build vocabulary: Frayer model or concept maps, etc.
    • Teach students to use vocabulary that represents and matches the characters’ voices in writing dialogue or thoughts.
    • Vocabulary should not be taught in isolation.  It should be taught as part of the reading/writing process (ie. juicy words vs. tired words etc.)

    Personalization of Learning

    • Assistive technology
    • Extra time and instruction
    • Building background knowledge
    • Visual dictionaries, cues, etc.
    • Use of thesaurus