Skills - Vocabulary
- Vocabulary involves intentionally choosing specific words to deliver a message in the most effective manner and to express ideas to an intended audience.
- Vocabulary specific to a discipline or content area should be explicitly taught and used in context so it is naturally used when writing
Clearly Identified Key Outcomes
Purposeful Instructional Strategies
- Exposure to rich language, poetry, subject/content-specific vocabulary
- Explicitly teaching and frequently reviewing new vocabulary
- Participate in vocabulary-building activities such as vocabulary ladders.
- Explicitly teaching how to use root words, prefixes and suffixes to determine meaning
- Use of mentor texts
- Use venn diagrams to compare similarities and differences between words
- Brainstorming words
- Universal use of word walls, personal and online dictionaries, thesaurus, etc.
- Teach students to gather words from texts they are reading to be used in their future writing
- Use graphic organizers to build vocabulary: Frayer model or concept maps, etc.
- Teach students to use vocabulary that represents and matches the characters’ voices in writing dialogue or thoughts.
- Vocabulary should not be taught in isolation. It should be taught as part of the reading/writing process (ie. juicy words vs. tired words etc.)
Personalization of Learning
- Assistive technology
- Extra time and instruction
- Building background knowledge
- Visual dictionaries, cues, etc.
- Use of thesaurus